Capital Adequacy Ratio is also known as Capital to Risk Assets Ratio, is the ratio of a bank’s capital to its risk. National regulators track a bank’s CAR to ensure that it can absorb a reasonable amount of loss and complies with statutory Capital requirements. It is a measure of a bank’s capital.


The capital adequacy ratios ensure the efficiency and stability of a nation’s financial system by lowering the risk of banks becoming insolvent. Generally, a bank with a high capital adequacy ratio is considered safe and likely to meet its financial obligations.

Frequently Asked Questions

What do you mean by adequacy of capital?

A ratio that can indicate a bank’s ability to maintain equity capital sufficient to pay depositors whenever they demand their money and still have enough funds to increase the bank’s assets through additional lending. Banks list their capital adequacy ratios in their financial reports.

What is capital adequacy in banks?

Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) is the ratio of a bank’s capital in relation to its risk-weighted assets and current liabilities. It is decided by central banks and bank regulators to prevent commercial banks from taking excess leverage and becoming insolvent in the process.

How is capital adequacy measured?

It is calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by a bank’s average total consolidated assets and certain off-balance sheet exposures. The higher the Tier 1 leverage ratio is, the more likely a bank can withstand negative shocks to its balance sheet.

What do you mean by adequate?

1 : sufficient for a specific need or requirement adequate time an amount of money adequate to supply their needs also : good enough : of a quality that is good or acceptable a machine that does an adequate job : of a quality that is acceptable but not better than acceptable Her first performance was merely adequate.

How can capital adequacy be improved?

Banks can increase their regulatory capital ratios by either increasing their levels of regulatory capital (the numerator of the capital ratio) or by decreasing their levels of risk-weighted assets (the denominator of the capital ratio).

What is Basel 3 capital adequacy?

Under Basel III, the minimum capital adequacy ratio that banks must maintain is 8%. 1 The capital adequacy ratio measures a bank’s capital in relation to its risk-weighted assets.

What is Basel 3 framework?

Basel III is an internationally agreed set of measures developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in response to the financial crisis of 2007-09. The measures aim to strengthen the regulation, supervision and risk management of banks.

How do you use adequate?

The school lunch should be adequate to meet the nutritional needs of growing children. The machine does an adequate job. The tent should provide adequate protection from the elements. The quality of his work was perfectly adequate.

How do banks increase capital?

A bank that seeks to increase its risk-adjusted capital ratio has a number of options at its disposal. One set of strategies targets the bank’s retained earnings. The bank could seek to reduce the share of its profit it pays out in dividends. Alternatively, it may try to boost profits themselves.

Is higher capital adequacy ratio better?

A bank with a high capital adequacy ratio is considered to be above the minimum requirements needed to suggest solvency. Therefore, the higher a bank’s CAR, the more likely it is to be able to withstand a financial downturn or other unforeseen losses.

What is the difference between Basel II and Basel III?

The key difference between the Basel II and Basel III are that in comparison to Basel II framework, the Basel III framework prescribes more of common equity, creation of capital buffer, introduction of Leverage Ratio, Introduction of Liquidity coverage Ratio(LCR) and Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR).

Is adequacy a quality?

Adequacy is the quality of being good enough or great enough in amount to be acceptable.

What is the biggest threat to banks?

Social engineering. One of the biggest threats to banking and finance is social engineering. People are often the most vulnerable link in the security chain – they can be tricked into giving over sensitive details and credentials. This can equally affect a bank’s employees or its customers.

What is adequacy education?

Educational adequacy is a broad concept that includes economic, academic, social, civic, and humanistic aspects, among others. A narrower standard of economic self-sufficiency is a necessary, but not sufficient outcome for higher education to achieve its goals.

How do banks manage risk?

To manage credit risk, the institution has to maintain credit exposure within the acceptable parameters. One effective way is via a risk rating model that gauges how much a bank stands to lose on credit portfolio. Further, lending decisions are routinely based on the credit score and report of the prospective borrower.