## INTEREST RATE RISK MEASUREMENT METHODS at IOB

**What is INTEREST RATE RISK MEASUREMENT METHODS?**

Interest rate risk is measured by a fixed income security’s duration, with longer-term bonds having a greater price sensitivity to rate changes. Interest rate risk can be reduced through diversification of bond maturities or hedged using interest rate derivatives.

**Overview**

The tools for measurement of interest are of two types – formal and informal. The formal methods are specialised and standardised measuring instruments such as interest inventories, interest test batteries.

**Frequently Asked Questions**

**What are the measures of interest rates?**

Interest rates on consumer loans are typically quoted as the annual percentage rate (APR). This is the rate of return that lenders demand for the ability to borrow their money. For example, the interest rate on credit cards is quoted as an APR. In our example above, 4% is the APR for the mortgage or borrower.

**Which is the most common measure of interest rate risk?**

In professional literature1 the most frequently stated are the analy- sis of maturity and re-pricing tables, or simply ter- med gap analysis, the duration gap method, the basis point value (BPV) method, and simulation met- hods.

**What are the types of interest rate risk?**

#1 – Duration Risk – It refers to the risk arising from the probability of unwilling pre-payment or extension of the investment beyond the pre-determined time period. #2 – Basis Risk – It refers to the risk of not experiencing the exact opposite behavior to interest rate changes in the securities with inverse features.

**What is the meaning of interest rate risk?**

Interest rate risk is the probability of a decline in the value of an asset resulting from unexpected fluctuations in interest rates. Interest rate risk is mostly associated with fixed-income assets (e.g., bonds) rather than with equity investments. The interest rate is one of the primary drivers of a bond’s price.

**Which techniques are used for measuring interest?**

There are various methods of measuring interests, such as interviews, check lists, direct observations, questionnaires and inventories. Questionnaires and inventories are the most important methods of measuring interests.

**What are the two components of interest rate risk?**

Only price and reinvestment risks are part of interest-rate risk.

**What causes interest rate risk?**

As interest rates rise, equity falls because the company is paying out more interest. This increases the overall credit risk of the company, which, in turn, causes lenders to raise interest rates on new borrowings. The more debt exposure a company has, the higher its overall interest rate risk is.

**What is interest rate risk for banks?**

Interest rate risk in the banking book (IRRBB) refers to the current or prospective risk to the bank’s capital and earnings arising from adverse movements in interest rates that affect the bank’s banking book positions.

**What is the best measure of interest rate?**

Yield to maturity is the most economically accurate way of measuring nominal interest rates.

**What are the measures of interest rate risk?**

Interest rate risk is measured by a fixed income security’s duration, with longer-term bonds having a greater price sensitivity to rate changes. Interest rate risk can be reduced through diversification of bond maturities or hedged using interest rate derivatives.

**Which is the most common measure of interest rate risk?**

In professional literature1 the most frequently stated are the analy- sis of maturity and re-pricing tables, or simply ter- med gap analysis, the duration gap method, the basis point value (BPV) method, and simulation met- hods.

**What interest rates mean?**

An interest rate tells you how high the cost of borrowing is, or high the rewards are for saving. So, if you’re a borrower, the interest rate is the amount you are charged for borrowing money, shown as a percentage of the total amount of the loan.

**What are interest rates in economics?**

The interest rate is the amount charged on top of the principal by a lender to a borrower for the use of assets. An interest rate also applies to the amount earned at a bank or credit union from a deposit account.

**How do you calculate interest rate in economics?**

To calculate a real interest rate, you subtract the inflation rate from the nominal interest rate. In mathematical terms we would phrase it this way: The real interest rate equals the nominal interest rate minus the inflation rate.

**What are the 4 factors that influence interest rates?**

Demand for and supply of money, government borrowing, inflation, Central Bank’s monetary policy objectives affect the interest rates.