Financial instruments are monetary contracts between parties. They can be created, traded, modified and settled. They can be cash, evidence of an ownership interest in an entity or a contractual right to receive or deliver in the form of currency; debt; equity; or derivatives.


Money markets are central to the allocation of capital, the efficient distribution of liquidity among financial institutions, and the hedging of short-term risks. The markets also play an important role in the credit evaluation process and in the the large-value payments systems where trades are settled. The money market provides financing to local and international traders who are in urgent need of short-term funds. It provides a facility to discount bills of exchange, and this provides immediate financing to pay for goods and services. International traders benefit from the acceptance houses and discount markets.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is meant by money market instruments?

Money market instruments are short-term financing instruments aiming to increase the financial liquidity of businesses. The main characteristic of these kinds of securities is that they can be converted to cash with ease, thereby preserving the cash requirements of an investor.

What are examples of money market instruments?

The money market is composed of several types of securities including short-term Treasuries (e.g. T-bills), certificates of deposit (CDs), commercial paper, repurchase agreements (repos), and money market mutual funds that invest in these instruments.

What is a money market market?

Definition: Money market basically refers to a section of the financial market where financial instruments with high liquidity and short-term maturities are traded.

What is money market and its types?

Money market is a part of a larger financial market which consists of numerous smaller sub-markets like bill market, acceptance market, call money market, etc. Besides, the money market deals are not out in money / cash, but other instruments like trade bills, government papers, promissory notes, etc.

Which is not a money market instruments?

Treasury bills, repurchase agreement and commercial paper all are short term investments and have a maturity level of less than one year. Hence, shares and bonds having maturity of more than one year are not considered as money market instrument.

What are the characteristics of money market instruments?

Short maturity period and high liquidity are two characteristic features of the instruments which are traded in the money market. Institutions like commercial banks, non-banking finance corporations (NBFCs) and acceptance houses are the components which make up the money market.

Who uses money markets?

The major participants in the money market are commercial banks, governments, corporations, government-sponsored enterprises, money market mutual funds, futures market exchanges, brokers and dealers, and the Federal Reserve. Commercial Banks Banks play three important roles in the money market.

What is money market structure?

The Indian monetary market has two broad categories – the organized sector and the unorganized sector. Organized Sector: This sector comprises of the governments, the RBI, the other commercial banks, rural banks, and even foreign banks. The RBI organizes and controls this sector.

What is difference between money market and capital market?

The money market is the trade in short-term debt. It is a constant flow of cash between governments, corporations, banks, and financial institutions, borrowing and lending for a term as short as overnight and no longer than a year. The capital market encompasses the trade in both stocks and bonds.

What are the advantages of money market?

Money market funds invest in highly liquid securities like cash, cash equivalents, and high-rated debt-based securities. Because they only invest in highly rated securities, money market funds offer a high degree of safety. Money market funds also offer investors higher yields than traditional savings accounts.

Are money markets safe?

Both money market accounts and money market funds are relatively safe. Banks use money from MMAs to invest in stable, short-term, low-risk securities that are very liquid. Money market funds invest in relatively safe vehicles that mature in a short period of time, usually within 13 months.

What is the difference between savings and money market?

Money market accounts usually allow you to write checks and use ATM and debit cards for withdrawals, just like checking accounts. With a savings account, you typically have ATM access but can’t write checks. You may need to take money out via electronic transfer or by calling the bank.

What is money market advantages and disadvantages?

Money market investing can be very advantageous, especially if you need a short-term, relatively safe place to park cash. Some disadvantages are low returns, a loss of purchasing power, and that some money market investments are not FDIC insured.

Can money market lose money?

Money market funds are mutual funds that invest in securities, and they can potentially lose value. Money market accounts are often FDIC-insured bank accounts.

Do money markets earn interest?

Most money market accounts pay a higher interest rate than regular (passbook) savings accounts and often include check-writing and debit card privileges. They may also come with restrictions that make them less flexible than a regular checking account.