Monitoring & Evaluation of Projects at IIT

Monitoring & Evaluation of Projects at IIT

What is Monitoring & Evaluation of Projects?

Monitoring is checking progress against plans. The data acquired through monitoring is used for evaluation. Evaluation is assessing, as systematically and objectively as possible, a completed project or programme (or a phase of an ongoing project or programme that has been completed).


Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) is used to assess the performance of projects, institutions and programmes set up by governments, international organisations and NGOs. Its goal is to improve current and future management of outputs, outcomes and impact.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is monitoring in a project?

Project monitoring involves tracking a project’s metrics, progress, and associated tasks to ensure everything is completed on time, on budget, and according to project requirements and standards.

What is monitoring and evaluation in project cycle?

Monitoring is ongoing and tends to focus on what is happening. Monitoring data is typically used by managers for ongoing project implementation, tracking outputs, budgets, compliance with procedures, etc. Evaluation is a process of assessing whether the project has achieved its intended objectives.

Why do we monitor projects?

Project monitoring and evaluation is used to measure a project’s progress. It’s important because it lets you keep tabs on a project and identify potential problems.

Why monitoring and evaluation is important in the project management?

Monitoring and evaluation together provide the necessary data to guide strategic planning, to design and implement programmes and projects, and to allocate, and re-allocate resources in better ways.

What are the 3 types of monitoring?

There are three basic categories of monitoring; technical monitoring, functional monitoring and business process monitoring.

Is M&E part of project management?

Regardless of their place of work, M&E professionals play an important role in project management and often help build capacity in performance and impact measurement within their organizations.

What are differences between monitoring and evaluation?

Monitoring refers to an organized process of overseeing and checking the activities undertaken in a project, to ascertain whether it is capable of achieving the planned results or not. Conversely, evaluation is a scientific process that gauges the success of the project or program in meeting the objectives.

What are the 4 types of monitoring?

We describe and label four types of monitoring—surveillance, implementation, effectiveness, and ecological effects—that are designed to answer very different questions and achieve very different goals.

What is the steps of monitoring and evaluation?

Step 1: Define the purpose and scope of the M&E system. Step 2: Agree on outcomes and objectives – Theory of change (including indicators) Step 3: Plan data collection and analysis (including development of tools) Step 4: Plan the organization of the data.

What are the methods of monitoring a project?

Project monitoring methods include project records, formal surveys, interviews, direct observation, focus group discussions and mapping. The project evaluation and review technique, or PERT, organizes, schedules and coordinates all events in a network chart.

What are the 3 methods of evaluation?

The three main types of evaluation methods are goal-based, process-based and outcomes-based.

What is the purpose of evaluation?

Evaluation provides a systematic method to study a program, practice, intervention, or initiative to understand how well it achieves its goals. Evaluations help determine what works well and what could be improved in a program or initiative. Program evaluations can be used to: Demonstrate impact to funders.

What is an example of evaluation?

To evaluate is defined as to judge the value or worth of someone or something. An example of evaluate is when a teacher reviews a paper in order to give it a grade. To determine the importance, effectiveness, or worth of; assess. Evaluate teacher performance.

What is monitoring and evaluation framework?

For many organisations, an M&E framework is a table that describes the indicators that are used to measure whether the program is a success.

What are the objectives of project evaluation?

Project evaluation is a systematic and objective assessment of an ongoing or completed project. 1 The aim is to determine the relevance and level of achievement of project objectives, development effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability.