Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy. It is the branch of economics that assesses the government revenue and government expenditure of the public authorities and the adjustment of one or the other to achieve desirable effects and avoid undesirable ones.


Management of income and expenditure by optimum utilization of the resources. Managing the growth and price stability in the economy. Providing the necessary needs and infrastructure to the public.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is meant by public finance?

Public finance is the management of a country’s revenue, expenditures, and debt load through various government and quasi-government institutions.

What is the goal of public finance?

Public finance can be defined as the study of government activities, which may include spending, deficits and taxation. The goals of public finance are to recognize when, how and why the government should intervene in the current economy, and also understand the possible outcomes of making changes in the market.

What are the four scope of public finance?

Prof. Dalton categories the scope of public finance into four areas which includes public income, public expenditure public debt and financial administration.

What are types of public finance?

We ascertained that Types of public finance are divided into four; Public Expenditure, Public Revenue, Public Debt and Financial Administration; all of which are aimed at achieving one common goal, which is to figure out how government can, create, maintain or intervene in the existing economy.

What are the elements of public finance?

The components of public finance are public revenue, public expenditure, and public budget. Political democracy provides a mechanism to prevent public finance from unfairly benefiting specific groups of individuals. Public expenditure is the monetary spending by the government.

What are the 3 types of budgets?

Budget could be of three types – a balanced budget, surplus budget, and deficit budget.

What is scope of public finance?

The scope of public finance is not just to study the composition of public revenue and public expenditure. It covers a full discussion of the influence of government fiscal operations on the level of overall activity, employment, prices and growth process of the economic system as a whole.

What is the meaning and scope of public finance?

Public finance deals with the income and expenditure of public authorities. It include all sorts of governments. That is, it deals with finance of the Government- Central, state and Local. It also deals with the problems of adjustments of income and expenditure of the government. DEFINITION OF PUBLIC FINANCE.

What is difference between public finance and private finance?

Private finance is the study of income and expenditure, borrowings, etc. of individuals, households and business firms. Public finance is concerned with the revenue/incomes and expenditure, borrowings, etc. of the economy or government.

What is the nature of public finance?

Nature of Public finance implies whether it is a science or art or both. 1. Public Finance is a Science: Science is a systematic study of any subject which studies casual relationship between facts. Public finance is a systematically study relating to revenue and expenditure of the government.

What is public finance theory?

The theory of public finance suggests that we should decide on a desired tax base and rate structure and then impose taxes accordingly. But tax codes are filled with additional provisions that seem to reflect ambivalence on the part of tax authorities.

What is public finance cycle?

-It involves the inflow of financial resources in the form of taxes and other revenues, and the outflow of such resources in the form of expenditure to finance goods and services.

What is the role of public finance in developing countries?

It helps in the corrective distribution by charging high taxes from the rich and paying subsidies to the poor, by using the technique of progressive taxation, or by imposing high taxes on the luxury goods. It helps the economy to grow as a whole and promote development in the areas that have been earlier left behind.

What is difference between public finance and business finance?

“Finance” is typically broken down into three broad categories: Public finance includes tax systems, government expenditures, budget procedures, stabilization policy and instruments, debt issues, and other government concerns. Corporate finance involves managing assets, liabilities, revenues, and debts for a business.

What is public finance Brainly?

Public finance or state finance is the expression used by the public administration for research and the use of financial resources for the pursuit of its public interest objectives. It represents the processes by which public bodies and states manage cash flows (collection, allocation and use) over time.