Sensitivity to market risk is generally described as the degree to which changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates, commodity prices, or equity prices can adversely affect earnings and/or capital.


Sensitivity analysis can predict the outcomes of an event given a specific range of variables, and an analyst can use this information to understand how a change in one variable affects the other variables or outcomes. A sensitivity analysis can isolate certain variables and show the range of outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is sensitivity to the market?

Sensitivity to market risk is defined by regulators as the degree to which changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates, commodity prices or equity prices can adversely affect a bank’s earnings and, in turn, its financial health.

What are the 4 types of market risk?

The most common types of market risk include interest rate risk, equity risk, commodity risk, and currency risk.

What is sensitivity analysis in risk management?

Sensitivity analysis aims to eliminate uncertainty about the future by modeling financial risks and decisions. Also called what-if analysis, this type of analysis examines how changes in inputs affect outputs. The process helps with long-term decision-making.

What is market risk with example?

Market risk is the risk of losses on financial investments caused by adverse price movements. Examples of market risk are: changes in equity prices or commodity prices, interest rate moves or foreign exchange fluctuations.

How is risk sensitivity measured?

Sensitivity measures determine how portfolio performance changes with respect to changes in a single risk factor. The different types of sensitivity risk measures are: Equity risk is measured by beta.Beta: Sensitivity of the asset’s return to the market risk premium.

What is a sensitivity analysis example?

One simple example of sensitivity analysis used in business is an analysis of the effect of including a certain piece of information in a company’s advertising, comparing sales results from ads that differ only in whether or not they include the specific piece of information.

What causes market risk?

Market risk is the risk that arises from movements in stock prices, interest rates, exchange rates, and commodity prices.

What are the 3 types of risk?

Widely, risks can be classified into three types: Business Risk, Non-Business Risk, and Financial Risk.

How do you explain sensitivity analysis?

Sensitivity analysis determines how different values of an independent variable affect a particular dependent variable under a given set of assumptions. In other words, sensitivity analyses study how various sources of uncertainty in a mathematical model contribute to the model’s overall uncertainty.

How do you determine market risk?

The market risk premium can be calculated by subtracting the risk-free rate from the expected equity market return, providing a quantitative measure of the extra return demanded by market participants for the increased risk.

Is market risk a financial risk?

Among the types of financial risks, one of the most important is market risk. This type of risk has a very broad scope, as it appears due to the dynamics of supply and demand. Market risk is largely caused by economic uncertainties, which may impact the performance of all companies and not just one company.

Which term indicates market risk?

The term market risk, also known as systematic risk, refers to the uncertainty associated with any investment decision. Price volatility often arises due to unanticipated fluctuations in factors that commonly affect the entire financial market.

What is the difference between risk and sensitivity analysis?

Risk analysis includes a probabilistic estimate of the parameters, whereas sensitivity analysis includes a percent change in the parameters. c. Sensitivity analysis includes determining the value of a parameter that makes two alternatives equivalent, whereas risk analysis includes a percent change in the parameters.

What are sensitivities in finance?

In finance, sensitivity is the magnitude of a market instrument’s reaction to changes in underlying factors, most often in terms of its price response to other factors. Financial instruments, such as stocks and bonds, are constantly influenced directly and indirectly by a myriad of factors.

Why is market risk management important?

It is important for many reasons other than the obvious – “My account is worth less today than it was yesterday.” It defines what should or should not be purchased by an investor at any given time and in any given situation. Every investor is unique and likewise every investor’s perception of risk is unique.

Is market risk the same as systematic risk?

Systematic risk refers to the risk inherent to the entire market or market segment. Systematic risk, also known as “undiversifiable risk,” “volatility” or “market risk,” affects the overall market, not just a particular stock or industry.